Lack of Qualified Labor to Drive Commercial Printers to Production Inkjet
The world of commercial printing is not an easy one. According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, commercial printing output revenues are down 8% from 2016-2017 in North America - the steepest decline since the 2008-2009 financial recession. Paper and offset ink suppliers have announced multiple, consecutive price increases during the last 12 months as declining economies of scale work against their raw material purchases and mill closures reduce available supply. This, in turn, continues to drive the reduction in the number of commercial printing establishments.
But yet, many of the remaining commercial printers are feeling pretty good. The reason for this is that fewer commercial printers are sharing a still very large amount of revenue, driving up the average revenue per establishment from $2.65 million in 2001 to more than $3.3 million in 2015.
There is a new challenge, however, one that seems to be looming faster than most had anticipated: a lack of qualified labor to run printing plants. With the U.S. economy at full employment, labor is a challenge for most businesses. It is an even bigger challenge for the printing industry. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the printing and related support activities industry will have the fourth steepest decline in available labor of any industry, trailing the labor decline in the postal service, publishing and wired telecommunication. One can have the most beautiful offset presses with large capacities in the world but, if there is no labor, they will sit idle.
The long-term trend toward smaller run lengths has been putting pressure upon commercial printers for years but, with fully amortized offset presses they’ve been able to manage by using more labor as their prepress workload increased with smaller, more frequent runs. But, with a strong U.S. economy, the lack of qualified labor is adding unexpected, further pressure upon commercial printers to automate and to become more efficient.
There are very, very few young people entering the graphic arts business to replace aging and retiring offset operators. Constraints on immigration are further adding to the challenge in what is effectively a manufacturing industry. The printing industry has no choice but to run printing systems with fewer operators. This means it has to become more digital - unlike offset presses that take multiple operators per press to run, a single operator can operate multiple digital printers.
Digital color toner presses have taken up the slack for the high-value, often variable data, short runs but, after 20 years of existence, their limited throughput capabilities and high running costs have enabled them to address only a little more than 8% of all commercial pages printed.
Production inkjet technology is three to 10 times more productive than digital color toner presses, which has enabled inkjet technology to capture more than 10% of all commercial pages printed in less than 10 years of existence. Production inkjet printing technology has not yet been able to match the range of substrates that offset and toner presses can print on, which has limited production inkjet mainly to transaction, direct mail and mostly monochrome book printing applications.
However, there are two factors that IT Strategies believes will change the acceptance of production inkjet technology for more mainstream document applications, like marketing collateral. The first change is a realization by commercial printers that no customer is going to pay him more for featuring better print quality or better service than his peers. The legacy business model of having the highest quality at the lowest price is not sustainable; it only results in less revenue and lower margins.
Data-Driven Printing Drives Margin Gains
The commercial printers that are making money are doing so by adding value to print through data, analysis and even variable data printing. By offering their customers insights into how print motivates their customers to respond, they are becoming part of the solution. It changes the conversation from cost to a conversation about how they can help the client to drive its business. This is not easy, because it requires deep insight, trust and investment in resources that have little to do with the actual printing process.
It also opens the door to conversations about what print quality is acceptable. Production inkjet may not yet match offset output quality, but it can be quickly established if it is sellable or not sellable. If the value in the output shifts to a conversation about the quality to the value of the content, the commercial printer will have secured his future.
The second factor is improvements in ink technology and pre-coat fluids. The inkjet manufacturers are still in the early phases of trying to find viable solutions - technically and economically - that will allow production inkjet printers to print on standard, low-cost offset stocks. Progress is being made, and the good news is that most of the offerings being introduced are backwards upgradeable for existing inkjet press owners.
IT Strategies expects that the next two years will bring significant breakthroughs in this area, enabling production inkjet printers to capture up to 20% of all commercial printed pages.
Regardless of the pace of the breakthroughs, the fundamental overarching problem of a lack of qualified labor is what will drive more commercial printers to embrace inkjet technology. It is going to change commercial printers’ business models, however uncomfortable that may be. But as U.S. Army General Eric Shinseki, who was in charge of supply management during the Gulf War, succinctly noted: “If you don’t like change, you’re going to hate irrelevance.”
The good news for the remaining commercial printers is that for those who have the vision and the means, investing in automation will become a little easier in 2018, thanks to changes in the U.S. tax laws allowing full depreciation of capital investments during the year of purchase. IT Strategies expects this to put further pressure - from peers, this time - to invest in production inkjet technology.
The commercial printing industry has turned the corner: data-driven personalization and programmatic marketing campaigns, across all print applications, are becoming a requirement, not a luxury. Production inkjet is a core part of this requirement, and its growth as a technology is critical to the long-term prosperity of the commercial printing industry.