PRINTING MUSEUMS -- Graphic Arts Get-awaysMay 2002
Other printing technologies, such as etching/gravure and offset lithography, are also represented. The museum has a wide variety of typesetting machines from the hot-metal and phototype eras. The museum's library has catalogs, maintenance manuals and influential books that are relevant to various printing topics.
Printing methods of the past are not the only techniques featured at this facility. LePoer notes that the museum has the ability to provide demonstrations on equipment all the way up to the digital printing age. "We really tell the entire story of printing in America," he stresses.
The museum's building, on North Andover Common, was originally built as an industrial history museum in the 1960s by the North Andover Historical Society. It is located in the Boston Navy Yard—part of the Boston National Historic Park—and is now also the home to the National Park Service's regional headquarters, the USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) and her museum.
Headed Out West
For museum-goers on the West Coast, The International Printing Museum, in Carson, CA, should quench your thirst for printing history. Established in 1988 by Dave Jacobson and the late Ernie Lindner, the museum takes visitors on a guided tour through its collection of antique printing machines and artifacts covering more than 500 years.
Highlighted on the tour is Ben Franklin's working colonial printing shop, which features the third-oldest, American-made printing press; an old-time country newspaper shop where type was set by hand and printed on the "Grasshopper" cylinder press; a Columbian press, invented in 1813, which is adorned with a golden bald eagle; and a Linotype typesetting machine from 1890 and its then-competitors, the Unitype Machine and Rogers Typograph.
Also, Ben Franklin meets group visitors in the Museum's Heritage Theatre where he helps bring to life his many inventions and discoveries, telling stories of colonial America and his work in helping to found our country.
If you are taking a visit to our nation's capital, the Smithsonian National Museum of American History has "The Hall of Printing and Graphic Arts," which features tools and equipment of the trade, a print shop and post office, circa 1800; a print shop, circa 1865; a newspaper shop, circa the 1880s; and a foundry from the mid-19th century.
The Washington, DC-based museum boasts equipment such as a Rubel offset press from 1905 and an early Harris press. The same area of the hall holds a half-scale model of the Nicolas-Louis Robert papermaking machine, recently built from his drawings of 1800. Modern papermaking machinery is based on this machine's concept.
Also on display is a row of typesetting machines beginning with American inventor Ottmar Merganthaler's second band machine of 1885 and a Blower Linotype of 1890. Both were precursors of his Linotype machine, which revolutionized the printing industry.
Admission fees to many of these museums are minimal, if not free. Getting the next generation of printers interested in the graphic arts industry at an early age will help preserve the craft of printing for future generations—which is priceless.
For More Information on printing museums, visit the Websites listed below.
The International Printing Museum, Carson, CA.
Museum of Printing, North Andover, MA.
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Washington, DC.
The Museum of Printing History, Houston.
At The Museum of Printing in North Andover, MA, and other printing museums across the United States, vintage printing equipment is waiting to take visitors back to a time before digital presses or CTP workflows.