NAA Releases Profile of American Newspaper Media Industry Revenue 2012
ARLINGTON, VA—April 8, 2013—Overall, total revenue for U.S. newspapers declined by 2 percent in 2012 from a year earlier, according to new data compiled by the Newspaper Association of America.
In total, the U.S. newspaper media industry took in $38.6 billion in 2012 compared with $39.5 billion in revenue in 2011, according to NAA’s projections.
The numbers reveal that while advertising revenue continues to decline—down 6 percent in 2012—several other categories of newspaper media revenue are now growing. Circulation revenue grew 5 percent in 2012, while a host of new revenue sources not tied to conventional advertising and that barely existed a few years ago grew by 8 percent. These new revenue sources, which include such items as digital consulting for local business and e-commerce transactions, now account for close to one-in-ten dollars coming into newspaper media companies. They are significant enough in scale that NAA has begun to collect detailed data about these revenue categories and track their trajectory year-to-year for the first time.
The new data offer a more granular and comprehensive picture of how newspaper media are operating today than was previously compiled by any source.
The numbers portray an industry that, faced with significant disruption in the last decade, has begun to measurably change its essential revenue model. That has begun by turning more to circulation, to digital, and to developing new revenue sources.
“America’s newspaper media are transforming themselves,” said Caroline Little, NAA president and CEO. “In virtually every community they serve, newspapers have the biggest newsrooms, the best-known brands and significant audience market share. Now they are building on those to find new ways to serve audiences and local businesses.”
The overall composition of newspaper revenue, the data show, has thus also changed. Based on data from companies that provided detailed breakdowns, circulation now makes up 27 percent of total newspaper media revenue, new revenue sources 8 percent, digital advertising 11 percent, niche publishing and direct marketing 8 percent, and print advertising 46 percent.
These are among the findings of NAA’s annual revenue review of the industry. The data are collected from some 17 companies, private and public, that represent a broad sample of daily newspaper operations across the United States. As it has for many years, NAA uses the sample to project total revenue for the industry overall. That sample represents roughly 40 percent of the daily newspaper circulation in United States and half of the industry’s revenue. For the specific revenue category analysis, NAA has data from 15 different companies, again private and public, that provide breakouts at a much more detailed level. Thus while a sample rather than a census, this is the most complete data set of newspaper media revenue performance available.
The figures are for American newspaper operations and do not include totals for such things as any international operations or other enterprises owned by companies with newspaper media holdings.
Among the findings:
- NAA projects that of the $38.6 billion in total revenue in 2012, $18.9 billion came from print advertising, $3.4 billion from digital advertising, $2.9 billion from advertising from direct marketing/niche and non-daily publications, $10.4 billion from circulation and $3 billion from new revenue sources. (The projections do not include revenue from weekly papers not owned by daily newspaper companies.)
- Combined digital revenue (from circulation, advertising, e-commerce, digital marketing and other sources) made up 11 percent of total revenue in 2012 for the 13 companies that broke out this data, though that varied by company. It was as high as 29 percent and as low as 8 percent.
- The 5 percent overall growth in circulation revenue was the first gain in this category for the newspaper industry since 2003. Within that total, for the companies supplying detailed breakdowns, digital-only circulation revenue grew 275 percent; print and digital bundled circulation revenue grew 499 percent. Largely as a result of more organizations shifting toward bundling print and online into combined access subscriptions, print-only circulation revenue declined 14 percent.
- Within the 8 percent growth in new revenue sources, revenue from digital agency consulting for local businesses grew 91 percent. E-commerce revenue grew 20 percent.
- Mobile ad revenue, while small (less than 1 percent of total revenue), doubled (up 100 percent), according to the papers that broke that data out separately.
- When revenue from print, digital, niche and delivery of preprints outside of newspapers is combined (based on data from 15 companies that provided such breakouts), total advertising revenue made up 65 percent of overall revenue in 2012. Within that figure, traditional print newspaper advertising fell 9 percent and now makes up 46 percent of total revenue. Digital advertising increased 5 percent and now makes up 11 percent; pure-play digital advertising (digital only) increased 20 percent.
1. Advertising Revenue
- Advertising in printed daily and Sunday newspapers dropped 9 percent in total for 2012, according to data from 15 companies that provided detailed breakouts by category. Retail advertising was off 8 percent, national advertising dropped 15 percent, and classified advertising declined 9 percent. Within the classified category, automotive slumped 9 percent, real estate fell 12 percent, recruitment fell 8 percent, and all other classified edged down 5 percent.
- Of the seven companies that broke out niche publication advertising revenue separately, the category slipped 5 percent overall in 2012 compared with 2011. Of the 11 companies that reported direct marketing dollars, that category slipped 1 percent. Among the eight companies that reported non-daily/weekly advertising, the category fell 6 percent in total last year.
- Digital advertising, which was broken out by 17 companies, rose 4 percent in 2012. Digital advertising accounted for 11 percent of overall total revenue, and comprised 17 percent of advertising revenue.
- Of the 10 companies that broke out “pure-play” digital advertising as a subset of their digital ad numbers, pure-play accounted for 36 percent of the digital ad total and grew by 20 percent. Yet the data suggest there is a wide variation in performance. At the low end, one company saw pure-play advertising account for just 1 percent of digital ad revenue. At the high end, one company now derives 67 percent of its digital advertising revenue from pure play—a sign that management strategy and market are important factors here.
- The difference in year-over-year performance in digital advertising was also significant. Of the 17 companies reporting digital advertising, one saw a double-digit drop in digital ad revenue in 2012 while another saw a gain of 33 percent. That variation, too, suggests that different approaches and markets can have substantially different impact on the bottom line.
- Thirteen of the companies reporting data were able to break out mobile advertising separately. The dollar volume doubled in 2012, though it accounted for less than 1 percent of total revenue.
2. Circulation Revenue
- Circulation revenue rose 5 percent in 2012 for the total newspaper industry in 2012.
- Of the seven companies that provided data on bundled print and digital circulation revenue, revenue from digital/print circulation rose nearly five fold (499 percent) from the level from 2011.
- Digital-only circulation revenue, which could be derived from 12 companies that supplied such detailed breakouts, nearly tripled (up 275 percent) in 2012. Overall, digital-only circulation revenue accounted for a relatively small percentage (1 percent) of total circulation revenue. The online subscription model is vital to newspaper media’s future, particularly as consumers begin to adapt to reading newspaper media on mobile devices, especially tablets. Print-only and single-copy revenue for the 11 companies that reported digital circulation revenue declined 14 percent.
3. New Revenue Sources
Newspaper media are developing revenue from a host of new categories that virtually did not exist a decade ago. Among them:
- Digital agency and marketing: More than half of the companies (nine of the 15 reporting detailed data) reported revenue from digital agency and marketing activities, in which they help local businesses market their products, particularly digitally, in social and mobile. Revenue from digital agency and marketing services from those nine companies rose 91 percent during the year.
- E-commerce and transactions: Many analysts believe that in the digital realm one of the biggest potential growth areas is not advertising but e-commerce and transactions, or helping businesses connect directly with consumers. Three of the 15 companies broke out data in this category. There, e-commerce revenue jumped 20 percent in 2012.
- Event marketing: A number of newspaper media companies have moved into producing events related to core coverage areas, another way to convey information to audiences. Nearly half of the companies that supplied detailed categorical revenue data (seven of the 15) reported event revenue; revenue from the category at those companies dropped 9 percent year to year.
- Commercial delivery: Newspaper media are making a business of using their delivery resources. Eleven companies listed revenue for commercial delivery of other products; revenue in the category dropped 2 percent year over year.
- Commercial printing revenue: Eleven companies reported commercial printing revenue; the category at those companies slipped 3 percent in 2012.
- All other categories: A number of companies are engaged in additional revenue. While small, this category ranges from such activities as royalties, licensing, rental income, waste and scrap sales, among others. Of the 12 companies providing year-to-year data, revenue from these various activities dropped 3 percent.
- NAA for years has provided industry projections for circulation and advertising revenue, based on a broad sample of private and public company data. This year, NAA derived data from 17 different companies, including 10 privately held. Due to the level of detail requested, companies provided data with the assurance of confidentiality.
- These reporting companies represent approximately 40 percent of the weekday print circulation in the United States, nearly 330 papers and close to half of all U.S. newspaper media revenue.
- The format for supplying the data allows companies the flexibility to indicate how they account for revenue lines and specify other data not otherwise listed on the form.
- The data requested covered the calendar years 2011 and 2012. The participating companies normalized the data for a 52-week period in both years.