In vs. off (line)–A “Fight” to the Finish


There are two sides to every story. And, likewise, the pros and cons, the pluses and minuses, the advantages and drawbacks. Whatever you call them, where there is one, there is the other. Good and bad have coexisted since the beginning of time.

And so it is with the story of in-line and off-line finishing: There are advantages and drawbacks to using each technology and trade offs—speed vs. specialty finishing, high-volume price break vs. value-added extras—that ultimately go with the business…the business of web press finishing, either in- or off-line.

But the finishing business is good these days—booming, in some markets, namely direct mail—and disadvantages inherent in each technology are simply absorbed into the operation and accepted as part of the nature of the business itself.

Speed vs. Value-added
For example, web offset printers that want to run at full press speeds and whose products do not require complicated finishing, such as binding, diecutting or labeling, are likely to use in-line systems. Those more complicated applications are best left to off-line systems, where the process can be performed at the speed intended, without tying up press time.

Thus, in-line has the advantage of running at full press speed, while off-line finishing is a slower, more labor-intensive process.

But that same analysis can also be looked at another way: Off-line offers the advantage of performing the “tricks,” the value-added (imaging, labeling, kiss-cutting, onserting), while in-line has the distinct disadvantage of being a costly capital investment that must run at full speed to be cost-effective and, therefore, does not provide the flexibility of an off-line system.

Traditionally, in-line finishing systems have afforded the advantages of speed, volume, automation, consistency and reduced labor costs. But, with the boom in direct mail marketing, flexibility is an important key.

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