Consolidation--The Ties That Bind?
Consolidators, independents discuss merits of selling the business to a roll-up company.
BY ERIK CAGLE
To sell or not to sell? A difficult question with no easy, or clear-cut, answers.
The last 15 years have been marked by considerable growth in the commercial printing industry. That growth has been bolstered by awe-inspiring advances in technology: computer-to-plate, offset press automation and digital prepress advances, which have all streamlined production processes and decreased turnaround time.
By building a better mousetrap, printers large and small have made their industry highly competitive. While the National Association of Printers and Lithographers projects industry growth in the 4 percent range for 1999, it is the larger, national printers that are accounting for a larger slice of the growth pie.
Not surprisingly, the printing industry is following a familiar path taken by other industries—the road to consolidation. Mobil and Exxon, America Online and Netscape, British Petroleum (BP) and Amoco, Chrysler and Daimler-Benz, and Citicorp and Traveler's—heavy hitters in their respective industries—are all banking on reaping the benefits of consolidation.
The concept of the small, mom-and-pop business owner unwantingly releasing control of his/her company to a cold, corporate entity is as outdated as it is inaccurate. No one is selling the "farm" to avoid foreclosure anymore, especially not businesses that generate $10 million or more in annual sales—the magic number for ideal acquisition candidates by most industry consolidators.
What consequences face the printing industry in light of consolidations? Will an entire segment of smaller to midsized printers be swallowed into a much larger machine? And will the landscape of commercial printing, its price structure and the manner in which business is conducted, be forever changed?
Respected industry veteran Ray Frick has worked on both sides of the issue. Frick is currently CEO, president, director and part-owner of Lehigh Press, a highly successful, independent printer celebrating its 75th anniversary this year. But for the previous four years, he was president and COO at Quebecor, where he helped lead the charge in acquiring Eagle, Sayres, Petty and American Signature.